At Ohio Valley Hospital, our Infection Prevention (also known as Infection Control) department works to ensure our patients and employees are kept safe from both Healthcare-Associated Infections and Multi-Drug Resistant Organisms. In addition, we carefully monitor for other potential health and safety hazards on a routine basis.
What We Do
Two of the primary functions of Ohio Valley Hospital’s (OVH) Infection Prevention department are:
- To perform comprehensive surveillance (monitoring) for healthcare-associated infections and epidemiologically significant organisms (the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions).
- To create, implement, support, and sustain evidence-based interventions to prevent healthcare-associated infections and organism transmissions.
We follow guidelines and definitions for monitoring from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) to identify and report hospital-acquired infections to the regulatory agencies.
Our Infection Prevention service provides monthly feedback of hand hygiene performance and infection surveillance data to each OVH unit. Cumulative data trends regarding hand hygiene, healthcare-associated infections, and multidrug-resistant organisms are also reported on a variety of institutional dashboards and quality reports.
The comprehensive infection prevention program includes unit-based analysis of each infection and programs that promote, monitor and sustain evidence-based best practices that guide patient care being delivered at Ohio Valley Hospital.
Pittsburgh Business Times recently published a chart of infection rates at local hospitals. We had the lowest infection rate at 0.21%! This reflects OVH’s ongoing commitment to delivering outstanding services and quality of care.
Infection Risks and How We Help
Here at OVH, we follow specific Infection Control policies from the CDC in order to keep you safe from a wide variety of potential issues, specifically, Healthcare Associated Infections and Multi-Drug Resistant Organisms.
Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs)
These are infections patients get while receiving treatment for medical or surgical conditions. Most often, these infections are preventable.
Healthcare Associated Infections May Include:
- Central Line Associate Blood Stream Infections (CLABSI)
- CLABSI are infections which occur when germs enter the patient’s bloodstream through a central line.
- Surgical Site Infection (SSI)
- SSI is an infection that may appear at the site of a surgical incision; it may be skin-based.
- Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP)
- VAP is a lung infection that may be caused from a breathing machine.
- Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI)
- A catheter is often inserted after a procedure to help drain a patient’s urine. As the most common form of healthcare infection, CAUTI is when a Urinary Tract Infection develops after the insertion of a catheter.
We have developed practice protocols based on the recommendations of the regulatory agencies that guide our practices: These protocols were developed using “Best Practices” and are intended to reduce the risk for infection in patients of high risk.
Multi-Drug Resistant Organisms (MDROs)
MDROs are bacteria and other microorganisms that have developed resistance to antimicrobial drugs.
Multi-Drug Resistant Organisms May Include:
- Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
- Commonly referred to as MRSA or a Staph infection, this drug-resistant infection can cause a variety of problems ranging from skin infections and sepsis to pneumonia or bloodstream infections.
- Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
- Enterococci bacteria are normally found in your intestines or a female genital tract. When infection develops in this bacteria, some strands are resistant to antibiotics.
- Multi-Drug Resistant Gram-negative Bacteria (MDRGNB)
- This infection can stem from the growth of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, predominately in people who are placed in Intensive Care Units.
- Clostridium Difficile (C.diff)
- C.diff is a bacterium that can release toxins in the intestines which may cause a wide range of ailments, from diarrhea to a life-threatening inflammation of the colon.
- This infection can develop from the over use of antibiotics: Antibiotic usage is controlled through the Antibiotic Stewardship Program.
All patients are screened at OVH for these potential infections before being admitted to the Hospital. Patients found to be positive for any of the following listed below are placed into isolation in order to prevent the spread of infection to others patients, visitors and Health Care Providers. Hand washing by those interacting with isolated patients is monitored to insure high compliance.
One of the Best Ways to Fight Infection: Hand Hygiene!
Hand hygiene is our top priority and the number one intervention tool in preventing healthcare-associated infections and the transmission of organisms and diseases.
At Ohio Valley Hospital we monitor hand hygiene compliance using internal department monitoring as well as a “secret shopper.” This process uses unknown observers who monitor hand hygiene practices on all of our units. To do so, they use standardized definitions and data collection procedures.
There is also a direct feedback program with known monitors who address, educate, and take the name of staff at the moment they are observed not appropriately performing hand hygiene.
We monitor hand hygiene compliance upon each entry to and exit from a patient care room or area. You’ll also notice many stations around our Hospital that allow for you to wipe and clean your hands with hand sanitizer. Please let us know if you would like your own travel-sized bottle!