Minimally Invasive Procedures
Minimally-Invasive Procedures involve a needle puncture, but require no incisions.
Cardiac catheterization is a high-tech procedure in which a catheter is inserted into an artery or vein in your arm or leg and advanced into the coronary arteries or the heart itself. This test can measure blood pressure within the heart, tell how much oxygen is in the blood, and record the pumping ability of the heart muscle. Catheters may also be used to inject dye into the coronary arteries so they can be examined by a fluoroscope, which is similar to an x-ray.
Peripheral Vascular Angioplasty
As you age, plaque may build up along the walls of your veins and arteries, restricting proper blood flow. In an angioplasty, a balloon-tipped catheter is guided into a blood vessel to the point of that impairment. The balloon is inflated to open the vessel, then deflated and removed. A small wire mesh tube called a stent is sometimes placed in the newly-opened artery or vein to help it remain open.
A pacemaker is a device that assists or replaces the function of the body’s natural pacemaker. Pacemakers are frequently necessary after a heart attack or following cardiac surgery. Without treatment, a slow or irregular heart rate can lead to weakness, confusion, dizziness, fainting, shortness of breath, and even death.
A pacemaker implantation is a minor procedure requiring only mild sedation and a local anesthetic. A thin wire lead is inserted into a vein below the collar bone and advanced through the vein and into the heart. Once attached, it will stimulate a normal heartbeat. The other end of the wire is connected to a generator, a device a little larger than a silver dollar, implanted under the skin beneath the collarbone. Implantation is painless, and most patients return home the day of the procedure.